2016/11/28

Konryu Daishi and Fudo

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. Japan - Shrines and Temples - Index .
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Konryu Daishi 建立大師 and Fudo Myo-O

建立大師相応和尚 Konryu Daishi So-O Kasho (833 - 918)
(そうおうかしょう) Souou, priest Soo Kasho
His teacher was Ennin.



He was born in 近江国浅井郡 Azaigun in Omi and is said to be a descendant of 天帯彦国押人命 Ametarashihikokunioshihito no Mikoto, the first son of Kōshō 孝昭天皇 Kosho Tenno (475 - 393 BC), the fifth emperor of Japan.
At the age of 15 to entered the monastery at Mount Hieizan and became a monk at age 17.

After long practise he begun to offer flowers every day for seven years at the hall 根本中堂 Konponchudo at temple 比叡山延暦寺 Enryaku-Ji.
Upon approval of 大納言藤原良相 Dainagon Fujiwara Yoshimi (813 - 867) he received his Buddhist name So-O, including the character 相 from Yoshimi.

Legend knows that he was taken to the paradise of Miroku Bosatsu after praying to Fudo Myo-O.

He is the founder of the 北嶺回峯行の創始者 Hokurei Kaihogyo practise of the "Northern Peaks" of Mount Hieizan.
Kaihogyo of the 南山 Southern Peaks had been started by 役行者 En no Gyoja.

He died at the age of 88 at the temple 十妙院 Shosha-In while saying prayers to Amida Nyorai.



明王堂 Myo-O Do(比叡山 / 無動寺谷) Hieizan Mudojidani
法華経常不軽菩薩の行 Hokekyo Sutra, Jofukyo Bosatsu (Sadāparibhūta Bodhisattva)
供花 kuge - "Flower offerings" of 樒 Shikimi branches

不動明王の信仰 - His strong belief in Fudo Myo-O, retreat at 無動寺谷 Mudojidani.
In the Southern district of Hieizan he built the hall 無動寺明王堂 Mudo-Ji Myo-O Do and from there started his Kaihogyo with the aim to become one with Fudo Myo-O himself.

葛川参籠 Katsuragawa sanro retreat
山王信仰 Belief In Sanno at the hall 山王大宮社殿 Sanno Omiya Shaden.
加持祈祷 Fire rituals to heal sick emperors
- reference source : tendai.or.jp/daihoue/profile -

- reference : 建立大師 -



. kaihoogyoo, kaihōgyō 回峰行 Kaihogyo, "circling the mountain" .
The Tendai Marathon Monks

. Ennin 円仁 - Jigaku Daishi 慈覚大師 . (794 – 864)

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Katsuragawa 葛川息障明王院 Katsuragawa Sokusho Myo-O In
滋賀県大津市葛川坊村町155 / Katsuragawa bomuracho 155
安曇山 Adosan Myo-O In


The statue of Fudo is a secret statue and only shown on the 28th day of the 8th month.
The temple was founded in 859 by the priest 相応和尚 So-O

- Chant of the temple
白露の玉まくくずのかつら川 くる秋にしも我はかへらん

- quote -
Sokushō Kō 息障講 Stopping-Obstacles Group
an organization of individuals who devotedly serve the practitioner and act as guides through the Kyoto portion of the circumambulation.
- Writes Catherine Ludvik:
"The Sokushou-kou appears to derive its name from a temple in the western foothills of Mt. Hira in Shiga Prefecture known as Katsuragawa Sokushō Myō-ō-in 葛川息障明王院, an important center of Tendai mountain asceticism since the Heian period (794-1185).
The temple was established by the founding figure of the Kaihougyou, the Tendai monk Souou 相応 (831-918), who performed ascetic practices in this area. When Fudo Myo-o appeared to him in a waterfall, Souou jumped in to embrace him, and, finding a log of a katsura 葛 tree, enshrined it.
Tradition has it that from this log of katsura he carved three images of Fudo, worshipped today at Katsuragawa Sokushou Myou-ou-in, the temple he established near the waterfall, at Mudouji 無動寺 (Mudo-Ji), the temple he set up on Mt. Hiei, and at Isakiji 伊崎寺 in Shiga Prefecture."
- source : Mark Schumacher -

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Mudooji 無動寺明王堂 Mudo-Ji Myo-O Do
滋賀県大津市坂本本町4220 / 4220 Sakamotohonmachi, Otsu
比叡山 Heiezan Mudo-Ji



The temple was founded by
建立大師相応和尚 (そうおうかしょう) Konryu Daishi So-O Kasho in 865.

- Chant of the temple
詣で来る人のねがひの満ち足れと 
ただひとすじ耳祈る明け今れ




The statue of Fudo Myo-O is secret and only shown during the mandala ritual
明王講曼荼羅供法要 on 6月23日 June 23.

- reference : 無動寺明王堂 滋賀県 -

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Isakiji 伊崎寺 Isaki-Ji (Izaki-Ji)
滋賀県近江八幡市白王町1391 / Shiraocho, Omihachiman, Shiga

Isaki no saotobi 伊崎の竿飛び Isaki Pole Diving
- quote -
Izaki Pole Diving is a Buddhist rite held on the 1st Sunday of August every year at Izaki Temple in Shirao Town in Omihachiman City, Shiga Prefecture.



Izakiji Temple located at the tip of the small peninsula protruding into Lake Biwa is a temple belonging to the Tendai sect. It is said that the temple was founded in the Teikan era (859-877) by Priest Gyoki.
A thick, square 13m pole protrudes out in parallel to Lake Biwa, about 7 meters above the water.
On the day of the event young trainees at the temple dive boldly from the end of the pole, or drop into the water after hanging by their feet from the metal ring also attached to it.



The rite is said to date back more than 1100 years, to when the monk Konryu Daishi trained at the temple.
He would throw a bowl down onto the lake in order to collect charity from the fishermen below, and then dive down into the water to pick it up again.
It is performed to pray for getting rid of bad luck and also testing for participants’ courage, which is a vestige of harsh ascetic training performed by Tendai monks.
The spectators on fishing boats on the lake erupt into cheers and applause when gallant young men dive into the lake with splashes of water in the strong sunshine.
- source : nippon-kichi.jp -


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Hoozanji, Hōzan-ji 宝山寺 / 寳山寺 Hozan-Ji - Ikoma
奈良県生駒市門前町1-1 / 1-1 Monzenchō, Ikoma-shi, Nara



- quote -
'Ikoma-Shoten' 生駒聖天.
a Buddhist temple in Monzenmachi, Ikoma, Nara, Japan.
It is also called 'Ikoma-Shoten' (生駒聖天).
The area around Hozan-ji was originally a place for the training of Buddhist monks.
The name of the place at that time was Daisho-Mudo-ji (大聖無動寺).

Mount Ikoma was originally an object of worship for the ancient people in the region, and so this area was selected as a place for religious training. The training area is said to have opened in 655 by En no Gyōja. Many Buddhist monks, including Kukai (空海), are said to have trained in here.

Hozan-ji started when Tankai (湛海) re-opened this training area in the 17th century. Tankai set up a statue of Kankiten at this place in 1678, the official year Hozan-ji was established.
In the Edo period, this temple was one of the most popular Buddhist temples in this region.
- - - More in the WIKIPEDIA !



source : iroenpithu-12.boo.jp

. Kinki Pilgrimages to 36 Fudo Temples 近畿三十六不動尊巡礼 .
Nr. 29 Hoozanji 宝山寺 Hozan-Ji
Ikomasan 生駒山


source : www.kinki36fudo.org/29

The main statue is a Shoten 聖天.
Outside is also a mizukake Fudo 水かけ不動.



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. Shiga Prefecture 滋賀県 Fudo Myo-O Temples .

. Fudō Myō-ō, Fudoo Myoo-Oo 不動明王 Fudo Myo-O
Acala Vidyârâja - Vidyaraja - Fudo Myoo .


. 薬師如来 Yakushi Nyorai 薬師如来 Bhaisajyaguru - ABC .

. O-Mamori お守り Amulets and Talismans .

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. Pilgrimages to Fudo Temples 不動明王巡礼
Fudo Myo-O Junrei - Fudo Pilgrims - INTRODUCTION .



. Japan - Shrines and Temples - Index .


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1 comment:

Gabi Greve said...

taki rei-oo, taki reio, taki reiō 滝霊王 / 瀧霊王
Spirit-king of the waterfall

A Yokai monster mentioned by by Toriyama Sekien.
.
legend knows this as its origin:
Once the priest 相応和尚 So-o of the temple 葛川息障明王院 Katsuragawa Sokusho Myo-O In Myo-O In in Shiga found a 霊木 divine tree in the waterfall basin and carved this statue of Fudo Myo-O out of it.
.
https://fudosama.blogspot.jp/2004/11/waterfalls-and-fudo-myo-o.html
.