2015/01/30

Shogun Jizo

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- Jizo Bosatsu 地蔵菩薩 - ABC-List -
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Shoogun Jizoo, Shōgun Jizō 将軍地蔵 Shogun Jizo, General Jizo
and the inoshishi 猪 wild boar  



. . . CLICK here for Photos !

蓮華三昧経に勝軍地蔵

- quote
Victorious Jizō, Battle-Field Protector,
often shown clad in armor. A form of Jizō widely venerated by warriors.
Writes scholar Yoshiko Kurata Dykstra:
“The idea that Jizō would vicariously receive their injuries and wounds made Jizō immensely attractive among warriors. A story in the Japanese Taiheiki 太平記 (circa 1371) describes how a soldier took refuge in the Jizō Hall of Mibu after fleeing from a battle in the capital. A priest who was the incarnation of the Jizō in the hall appeared and was captured by the enemy in place of the soldier. People later discovered the Jizō statue in the hall was marked as though it had been tightly bound.” (See Shibarare ‘String-Bound’ Jizō for similar stories).
Dykstra also writes: “Shōgun Ashikaga Takauji 足利 尊氏 (1305-58), a fervent Jizō devotee, drew a picture of Jizō and worshipped it daily. The deity Shōgun Jizō (Victorious Jizō) of Atago 愛宕 and Shirakawa 白川 was very popular among warriors, who venerated Jizō as protector in battle.”

There are numerous stories about Jizō as a battlefield protector.
Jōkōmyōji Temple 浄光明寺 in Kamakura houses a statue of Jizō called the Yahiroi Jizō 矢拾い地蔵, literally Arrow-Gathering Jizō. According to legend, Yahiroi Jizō appeared as a child-monk on the battlefield to save Ashikaga Tadayoshi 足利直義 (1306-52), the younger brother of Ashikaga Takauji, by gathering arrows after Tadayoshi had run out of weapons. Jōkōmyōji Temple is #16 and #17 on the Kamakura Pilgrimage to 24 Jizō Sites.

Within the precints of Tenonji Temple 天恩寺 in Okazaki City (Aichi Prefecture) is a large cedar tree named Ieyasu-ko Mikaeri-no-Sugi (lit. = Cedar Tree Ieyasu Looked Back At). According to legend, Tokugawa Ieyasu 徳川家康 (1542-1616) visited this temple to pray for victory in his campaign to unify Japan. While praying, someone called out his name. As he turned around to address the caller, he saw an assassin hiding behind a huge cedar tree with arrow poised to shoot. Ieyasu narrowly escaped, and as he left the temple for the battlefield, he looked back repeatedly at the tree to show his gratitude, for the voice he had heard was that of Enmei Jizō 延命地蔵 (Life Prolonging Jizō). Enmei Jizō is also one of Six Jizō who protect all beings in the six realms of desire and rebirth. See Six Jizō for details. (source: nippon-kichi)

- - - - - More details about Jizo Bosatsu
Ksitigarbha Bodhisattva
- source : Mark Schumacher

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Bodhisattva as Warrior God - The Curious Case of Shōgun Jizō
Patricia Yamada - PDF file, 27 pages
Jizo as war god 軍神 gunshin
Jizo as personal protective deity 念持仏 nenji butsu
venerated by “barbarian-subduing generalissimo” (seii-tai shogun 征夷大将軍) Sakanoue Tamuramaro 坂上田村麻呂 (758-811)
But Jizo is "made in Japan" and not found in India or China.
The earliest known written reference to a Shōgun Jizō is in a postscript to the
Tōnomine ryakki 多武峰略記 (Brief Accounts of Tōno Peak), dated 1197.
Shōteki 勝敵 Bishamonten.

It is not clear when Shōgun Jizō appeared on the Kyoto side of Mt. Atago as the “true ground ” (honji butsu 本地仏) of Atago Daigongen 愛宕大権現, the inclusive
title for the enshrined fire and thunder deities. I

In the Kamakura period Shōgun Jizō veneration was practiced mainly by esoteric recluses and by retired emperors seeking to conquer their enemies.

Uriuzan 瓜生山
The tiny stone Uriuzan 瓜生山 Shōgun Jizō, in a small, former Buddhist hall on Maruyama off the road to Mt. Hiei and the Enryaku-ji, is tied to clashes between the Ashikaga clan and its presumed allies. . . . snip . . . people called the area Shōgun Jizō yama or Shōgun yama.

Shōgun Jizō gunki 勝軍地蔵軍記

When Mount Atago became a shugendō mountain sacred to Shōgun Jizō is far from clear.
. . .
Shudō (1979) and Bouchy (1987) speculate that Kyoto Atago hijiri were actively spreading Atago Shōgun Jizō as the true ground of other indigenous kami in areas throughout the country as early as the late Sengoku years, perhaps even earlier in Yamato (Nara), Tamba and other areas near Kyoto.

A Muromachi period stone statue called the Yoroi Jizō 鎧地蔵 (armored Jizō),
kept in a small hall in Kidera-chō 紀寺町 , Nara City, shows Shōgun Jizō flanked
by Bishamonten and Fudō. . . . once was enshrined at the now defunct Haku’un-in
白雲院 and called Yoroi Jizō Atago Daigongen 鎧地蔵愛宕大権現.
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In 1603, Tokugawa Ieyasu “invited” the Kyoto Atago deity to Edo to protect his new capital.
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Kyoto Atagosan silk mandala,
- source : japanese-religions.jp

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source : John on facebook

Shingon temple of Sennnyuuji 泉涌寺 Sennyu-Ji, Kyoto
都府京都市 東山区泉涌寺山内町27

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Jizo and the inoshishi 猪 wild boar  

Flammarion Iconographic Guide:
“In certain cases, Jizō may also assume a syncretic aspect, and be represented as a warrior when assimilated with Atago Gongen 愛宕権現, a Kami considered to be a temporary incarnation of Jizō.
This kami (Shintō deity), protector from flame and fire, mainly venerated on Mount Atago in Kyoto Prefecture, has also been identified as being Kaguzuchi-no-Kami or even Susanoo-no-Mikoto 須佐之男命 (storm god and brother of the Sun Goddess Amaterasu 太陽神アマテラス) and sometimes even as Izanagi 伊邪那岐命 (Japanese creator god). He is represented with the features of a Chinese warrior on horseback, carrying a pigrim’s staff and a cintamani (Jp. = hōjunotama 宝珠の玉 or wish-granting jewel). Popular imagery sometimes also symbolizes him by statuettes of a horse carrying a cintamani on its back.
The support animal or messenger of this Atago Gongen is the wild boar, the symbol of courage, strength, and perseverance.
Many legends relate that warriors in difficulty have been rescued by wild boars or Atago Jizō 愛宕地蔵, which charged at their enemies, putting them to flight.”
end Flammarion quote

- - - - - Read more here
- source : Mark Schumacher

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The white wild boar 白猪 (shirai, shira-i) is a messenger of the deity of Atago Jinja 愛宕神社.
It is celebrated on the forth day of the second month.




Mount Atago Yama 愛宕山 / 阿多古 in Kyoto and
. Atago Gongen 愛宕権現 and Atago Jinja 愛宕神社 .





Shogun Jizo riding a white wild boar / Anryu-In 安立院 Tokyo
7 Chome-10-4 Yanaka, Taito, Tokyo 安立院(東京都台東区谷中7-10)


- Look at more Atago Jizo on a wild boar here, especially with relation to Tokugawa Ieyasu and Nikko :



日光の愛宕社 勝(将)軍地蔵と猪
source : www9.plala.or.jp/sinsi

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Chookyuuji 長久寺 Chokyu-Ji
坂戸市浅羽  埼玉 - 1486 Asaba, Sakado, Saitama

This statue is dating back to 1792.


戦勝ではなく害獣退治というわけ

This Jizo is not here to win a battle as general,
but to help the farmers with the fight against the wild boars of the time.
- source : jinjyawatch



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- shared by John Dougill - Kyoto - facebook

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- CLICK For more photos - Shogun Jizo


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. inoshishi 猪 wild boar .
- Introduction -


inoshishi yoke イノシシ除け warding off wild boars


- source : pandion/archives

Jizo and Kobo Daishi in front of large nets to ward off the wild boars.
Shikoku Henro Nr. 23 -  第23番札所 薬王寺 Yakuo-Ji



猪の被害 damage by wild boars - quite a problem in rural Japan these days.
Even in my village in Okayama the wild boars take over, since the hunters are mostly too old to continue their jobs and there is nobody to do anything. Just electric fences around the rice paddies, but the wild boars jump over it and destroy the crops anyway.


Wild boars digging along the road to my home in Okayama.
During the snow months, they are at their best (or worst) . . .






. Wild boars in Okayama .




猪や米を食べるな食べるなよ
inoshishi ya kome o taberu na、taberu na yo

twiglight zone -
wild boars harvesting
the fallen rice


. My neighbours, the Wild Boars 2005 .


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General Jizo (Shoogun Jizoo)

Seit der Kamakura-Zeit bekannt. Seit der Muromachi-Zeit besonders von den Samurai als Kriegsgott verehrt, weil er Sieg in der Schlacht gewährt. Aus diesem Glauben entwickelte sich später der stellvertretende Jizoo.
Zerstört mit seinen schrecklichen Waffen das Unwissen der Menschen.
Mit chinesischer Rüstung auf einem Pferd sitzend oder neben einem Pferd stehend, einen Pilgerstab oder eine Gebetsfahne (ban) in der Hand.


勝軍騎馬尊像 / 勝勝軍牙尊像 / 勝軍騎馬神像
shoogun kiba sonzoo

. Shogun Jizo Talisman to win a battle .

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- Jizo Bosatsu 地蔵菩薩 - Introduction -




. Join the Jizo Bosatsu Gallery - Facebook .



. O-Mamori お守り Amulets and Talismans .

. Japan - Shrines and Temples - ABC List .


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1 comment:

Gabi Greve said...

Kyooshooin 鏡照院 Kyosho-In

- 身代山 Migaweari san 玉泉寺 Gyokusen-Ji  鏡照院 Kyosho-In
港区西新橋3-14-3 / 3 Chome-14-3 Nishishinbashi, Minato ward
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The temple was close to 徳川家康 Tokugawa Ieyasu, who offered a statue of 将軍地蔵尊 Shogun Jizo for the Inner Sanctuary.
At that time the pirest was 宥俊和尚 priest Yushun.
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https://gokurakuparadies.blogspot.jp/2017/01/gofunai-temples-20-and-21.html
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