2014/08/23

Chokugan-Ji temples

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Chokuganji 勅願寺 Chokugan-Ji, "Imperial Temple"

temples established by direct orders from an Emperor

temples constructed on behalf of an emperor, with the wish to bring peace and unity to the land of Japan.
a temple built upon Imperial orders, in the name of an emperor

temple built at an imperial behest

a temple where prayers are offered for the well-being of the Imperial Family and the peace of the country, sometimes an existing temple was claimed for this purpose later after its founding.

When an emperor decided to have a temple built with a certain vow to the deities, he usually entrusted a high priest with the effort to visit that region and supervise the construction.
The founder of a temple is called

. kaisan 開山 temple founder, "opening the mountain" .

The kaisan is usually the first head monk (juushoku 住職 jushoku) of this temple.

The hall to honor this priest is the
kaisandoo 開山堂 "Hall of the Founder".


- to be updated -
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kiganji 祈願所 "place for special prayers"
this could be a Buddhist temple or Shinto shrine

Temples for the imperial family were called
kiganji 祈願寺 kigan-ji "temple of supplication"
or chokugan-ji.

There are seven kigan-ji for the Tokugawa family.

Before the Meiji reform, many temples and shrined resided side by side in the same compound.

Many shrines were "clan shrines" for the clan deity 氏神 (ujigami).


Nanatsudera 稲園山 長福寺(七寺)

Official temple for the Owari Tokugawa clan 尾張徳川藩祈願所
- source : www7b.biglobe.ne.jp


Yudonosan Dainichibo 湯殿山 大日坊
Yudonosan ranks with Ise and Kumano as one of the three great sacred places in Japan.
Kiganji of Tokugawa Shogunate
In the 8th year of Keicho (AD 1603), Tokugawa Ieyasu established the Edo Shogunate. Two years later, he retired to Sumpu Castle, making his son, Hidetada his successor as Shogun. Ofuku (Kasuga-no-Tsubone), who was appointed the official wet nurse on the birth of Takechiyo, Hidetada’s son in 1604, became a major influence ruling O-Oku (the inner palace).
The ostensible reason for Ofuku’s visit in supplication to Yudonosan and the statue of Dainichi-Nyorai(Mahavirocana) which was made by Kukai Kobo Daishi and the principle image of Yudonosan Dainichibo was for recovery from illness of Hidetada, but in fact, a desperate and secret supplication was made to strengthen Takechiyo physically and establish him as the successor to the Shogunate.
As a result, Takechiyo became the third Shogun, Tokugawa Iemitsu 徳川家光.
Kasuga-no-Tsubone donated the statue of Dainichi-Nyorai to Yudonosan-Dainichibo, and since then, it was recognized as one of the seven Kiganji (Temples of Supplication) located through Japan under the patronage of the Tokugawa-Shogunate.
- source : www.dainichibou.or.jp


Kannon-in 観音院 ,
formally known as Fudarakusan Jigen-ji Kannon-in (補陀落山慈眼寺観音院?), is a Buddhist temple in Uemachi district of the city of Tottori, Tottori Prefecture. Kannon-in was built early in the Edo period (1603 – 1868) and is noted for its Edo-style Japanese garden.

Kannon-in built in the early Edo period and its history is closely related to that of the Ikeda clan. Ikeda Tadakatsu (池田忠雄) (1602 – 1632), daimyō of the Okayama Domain in Bizen Province and lord of Okayama Castle, died at a young age and was succeeded by his 3 year old son Ikeda Mitsunaka (池田光仲) (1630 – 1693). The Tokugawa shogunate named the infant Mitsunaka daimyō of Tottori Domain in Hōki and Inaba provinces.
Mitsunaka's oldest son, the second lord of the Tottori Domain, named Kannon-in a kiganji (祈願寺) prayer temple. The temple attained the high status of one of the eight prayer temples (八ヶ寺 hachigatera) of the domain, a status it would retain throughout the Edo period.
- source : wikipedia


- further reference - TBA -

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The most well-known is probably the

. Toodaiji 東大寺 Todai-Ji . - Nara.
by Shoomu Tennoo 聖武天皇 Shomu Tenno (701 - 756)

Other temples dedicated by this emperor are

太田山 豊楽寺 Buraku-Ji - Kochi (真言宗、高知県大豊町)
躑躅山 林昌寺 Rinsho-Ji - Osaka (真言宗、大阪府泉南市)
巌金山 宝厳寺 Hogon-Ji - Shiga (真言宗、滋賀県長浜市)
阿星山 長寿寺 Choju-Ji - Shiga (天台宗、滋賀県湖南市)
石光山 石山寺 Ishiyamadera - Shiga (東寺真言宗、滋賀県大津市)
鼻高山 霊山寺 Ryozen-Ji - Nara (真言宗、奈良市)
泉生山 酒見寺 Sagami-Ji - Hyogo (真言宗、兵庫県加西市)

忍辱山 円成寺 Enjo-Ji - Nara(真言宗、奈良県奈良市)
聖武天皇・孝謙天皇 Shomu Tenno and Koken Tenno (718 - 770)

大悲山 慈眼院 Jigen-In - Osaka (真言宗、大阪府泉佐野市)
天武天皇・聖武天皇 Tenmu Tenno ( ? - 686) and Shomu Tenno


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Amidaji 阿弥陀寺 Amida-Ji
Teramachi-dôri, Kyoto

Emperor Ôgimachi正親町天皇 (1517-1539) Ogimachi
founded around 1532-1554 by Saint Seigyoku Shônin

Seigyoku had deep connections to the Oda family, and on 1582/6/2, on the day of the Honnôji Incident (when Oda Nobunaga was betrayed and killed), it is said he gathered the bones and/or other remains of Nobunaga, Nobutada, and the roughly one hundred followers who died that day, and buried those remains here at Amidadera.
- source : toranosuke

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Choofukujuji 長福寿寺 Chofukuju-Ji
Chiba 千葉県長生郡長南町

桓武天皇 Kanmu Tenno (703 - 806)
by Dengyo Daishi Saicho 伝教大師 最澄 in 798

- - - With elephants at the gate !
. . . CLICK here for Photos !

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. Daiyuuji 太融寺 Daiyu-Ji .
Kita, Osaka 大阪市北区太融寺町3
Kobo Daishi built this temple on the strong wish of Emperor Saga in 821.


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. Mibudera 壬生寺 Mibu-Dera .
31 Mibunaginomiyacho, Nakagyo Ward, Kyoto,

In 1077 the Emperor Shirakawa 白川 (r.1073-87) awarded Mibu-dera Temple the status of Chokuganji.

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. 大内山 仁和寺 Ninna-Ji .
in 888 by Emperor Uda 宇多天皇.
京都市右京区 - Kyoto

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Senjuji 高田山 専修寺 Senju-Ji, Takadayama
Mie, Tsu 三重県津市

by Gotsuchi Mikado 後土御門天皇 (1442 - 1500)

Founded by Shinran in 1226
- source : wikipedia


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- List of the most important chokugan-ji
主要な勅願寺

- - - - - 後醍醐天皇 Godaigo Tenno (1288 - 1339)
具足山 妙顕寺 Myoken-Ji Kyoto (日蓮宗、京都市上京区)
塔尾山 如意輪寺 Nyoirin-Ji - Nara (浄土宗、奈良県吉野郡) - 後醍醐天皇

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- - - - - 光仁天皇 Konin Tenno (709 - 781)
秋篠寺 Akishinodera - Nara(単立、奈良県奈良市)
根本山 神峯山寺 Kabusan-Ji - Osaka (天台宗、大阪府高槻市)


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- - - - - 推古天皇 Suiko Tenno (554 - 628)
比金山 如意寺 Nyoi-Ji - Hyogo (天台宗、兵庫県神戸市)
那智山 青岸渡寺 Seiganto-Ji - Wakayama (天台宗、和歌山県那智勝浦町)

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慶徳山 長保寺 Choho-Ji - Wakayama (天台宗、和歌山県海南市)
一条天皇 Ichijo Tenno (980 - 1011)

普門山 長久寺 Chokyu-Ji - Shiga(真言宗豊山派、滋賀県彦根市)
後三条天皇 Gosanjo Tenno (1034 - 1073)

深雪山 醍醐寺 Daigo-Ji - Kyoto (真言宗、京都市伏見区)
醍醐天皇 Daigo Tenno (885 - 930)
. Daigoji 醍醐寺 Daigo-Ji .

龍池山 大雲院 Daiun-In - Kyoto (単立、京都府京都市)
後陽成天皇 Goyosei Tenno (1571 - 1617)

天音山 道成寺 Dojo-Ji - Wakayama (天台宗、和歌山県日高川町)
文武天皇 Monmu Tenno (683 - 707)

清水山 観世音寺 Kanzeon-Ji - Fukuoka (天台宗、福岡県太宰府市)
天智天皇 Tenchi Tenno (626 - 672)

七宝山 本山寺 Motoyama-Ji - Kagawa (真言宗、香川県三豊市)
平城天皇 Heizei Tenno (774 - 824)

正法山 妙心寺 Myoshin-Ji - Kyoto(臨済宗、京都市右京区)
花園法皇 Hanazono Tenno (1297 - 1348)

瑞龍山 南禅寺 Nanzen-Ji - Kyoto (臨済宗、京都市左京区)
亀山法皇 Kameyama Tenno (1294 - 1305)
. Nanzenji 南禅寺 Nanzen-Ji .

小比叡山 蓮華峰寺 Rengebu-Ji - Niigata (真言宗、新潟県佐渡市)
嵯峨天皇 Saga Tenno (786 - 842)

西大寺 Saidai-Ji - Nara (真言律宗、奈良県奈良市)
称徳天皇 Koken Tenno (718 - 770)

法輪山 正明寺 Shomyo-Ji - Shiga (黄檗宗、滋賀県日野町)
後水尾上皇 Go Mizuno-O Tenno (1596 - 1680)

三身山 太山寺 Taisan-Ji - Hyogo (天台宗、兵庫県神戸市)
元正天皇 Gensho Tenno (680 - 748)

薬師寺 Yakushi-Ji - Nara (法相宗、奈良県奈良市)
天武天皇 ( ? - 686) Tenmu Tenno

松島青龍山 瑞巌寺 Zuigan-Ji - Miyagi (臨済宗、宮城県松島町)
淳和天皇 Junna Tenno - (786 - 840)
. Zuiganji 瑞巌寺 Zuigan-Ji and Matsushima 松島 .

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竜宝山 大徳寺 Daitoku-Ji - Kyoto (臨済宗、京都市北区)
音羽山 清水寺 Kiyomizudera - Kyoto (法相宗、京都市東山区)
定額山 善光寺 Zenko-Ji - Nagano (無宗派、長野県長野市)

- - - reference - wikipedia -


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Temples related to . Fudō Myō-ō, Fudoo Myoo-Oo 不動明王 Fudo Myo-O
Acala Vidyârâja - Vidyaraja - Fudo Myoo .


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. Fukagawa Fudo 深川不動堂 . - Edo/Tokyo
by 嵯峨天皇 Saga Tenno (786 - 842)

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. Daishooin 大聖院 Daisho-In .
勅願堂 Chokugan Do Hall
Itsukushima in Miyajima
kaisan Kobo Daishi Kukai
by Emperor Toba 鳥羽上皇 / 鳥羽天皇 (1103 - 1156)

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. Iwaya Fudo 岩屋不動、岩屋山志明院 - Shinmyo-In .
北区雲ケ畑出谷町261 / 261 Kumogahatadetanichō, Kita-ku, Kyōto
by 淳和天皇 Junna Tenno - (786 - 840)
kaisan Kobo Daishi Kukai

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. Jionji 本山慈恩寺 Honzan Jion-Ji .

山形県寒河江市大字慈恩寺地籍31
31 Jionji, Sagae, Yamagata Prefecture

in 746 priest Baramon Sojo 波羅門僧上 Bodaisenna founded the temple
on request of Shomu Tenno (701 - 756)
犬突き不動 Inu-tsuki Fudo, Fudo Myo-o 不動明王 piercing a dog 

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北向のお不動さん Kitamuki-Fudo facing North in Kyoto
不動寺 Fudo-Ji - 下京区松原通麩屋町
Emperor Kanmu Tenno 桓武天皇 had four "Iwakura" Sacred Stone Areas constructed in Kyoto, one for each heavenly direction. This temple was in the south : 南岩倉 明王院不動寺, with Fudo facing North.
- and -
北向山不動院 Kitamukizan, Fudo-In, Fushimi
Fushimi 伏見区竹田浄菩提院町61
by Emperor Toba 鳥羽上皇 / 鳥羽天皇 (1103 - 1156)

. Kitamuki-Fudo facing North 北向のお不動尊 .


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. Ooyama Fudo 大山の不動 Oyama Fudo .
Afurisan Oyamadera 雨降山 大山寺
神奈川県伊勢原市大山724 / 724 Oyama, Isehara, Kanagawa
by 聖武天皇 Shomu Tenno


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- - - - - H A I K U - - - - -


山蛭の落ちて浜名の勅願寺
yamabiru no ochite Hamana no chokuganji

mountain leeches
are falling down at Hamana
imperial temple


Hamada Kozue 浜田小枝




Oogaji 応賀寺(おうがじ)Temple Oga-Ji - 鏡光山応賀寺
静岡県湖西市新居町中之郷68-1 / 68-1 Araichō Nakanogō, Kosai-shi, Shizuoka


Gansuiji 岩水寺(がんすいじ)Gansui-Ji
静岡県浜松市浜北区根堅2238 / 2238 Negata, Hamakita-ku, Hamamatsu, Shizuoka

Makayaji 摩訶耶寺(まかやじ)Makaya-Ji
静岡県浜松市北区三ケ日町摩訶耶421 / 421 Mikkabichō Makaya, Kita-ku, Hamamatsu, Shizuoka

Founded in 724 by 聖武天皇 Shomu Tenno
kaisan is . Gyoki Bosatsu 行基菩薩 (668-749) - Gyōki .


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やまがらの声よくとほる勅願寺
yama kara no koe yoku tooru chokuganji

from the imperial temple
voices are heard
all over the mountain


Yano Noriko 矢野典子

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刈られたる藻の饐うるなり勅願寺
大石悦子

勅願寺朽ちたり雀孕みつゝ
大島民郎

勅願寺馬穴の水の氷りけり
高澤良一

椋鳥や島の高みの勅願寺
阪本謙二

老鴬や杣人とほる勅願寺
大峯あきら

花咲いて浮世の沙汰の勅願寺
大石悦子

葉牡丹で年を迎へし勅願寺
川崎展宏

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. Pilgrimages to Fudo Temples 不動明王巡礼
Fudo Myo-O Junrei - Fudo Pilgrims - INTRODUCTION .



. Japan - Shrines and Temples - ABC .


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