2014/06/15

Tengu and Fudo Myo-o

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. Tengupedia - 天狗ペディア - Tengu ABC-List .
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Tengu and Fudo Myo-o 天狗と不動明王

Tengu 天狗 "heavenly dogs", mountain goblin
daitengu 大天狗 "big tengu"
karasutengu, karasu tengu 烏天狗 "raven tengu, crow tengu" with a beak like Garuda
. Tengu - 天狗 - Introduction .


All you ever want to know about Tengu
with great illustrations

By Mark Schumacher
Tengu are mountain and forest goblins with both Shinto and Buddhist attributes. Their supernatural powers include shape-shifting into human or animal forms, the ability to speak to humans without moving their mouth, the magic of moving instantly from place to place without using their wings, and the sorcery to appear uninvited in the dreams of the living.
http://www.onmarkproductions.com/html/tengu.shtml



Izuna Daigongen 飯網大権現 combines the elements of five deities:
Fudo Myo-o, Karuraten (Garuda, a divine bird), Dakiniten (a demon that feeds on human hearts), Kangiten (a fertility deity with the head of an elephant) and Benzaiten (the deity of water, music and victory in battle).



Some Yamabushi sects interpret Iizuna (Izuna) is the original Japanese form (honji) of Fudo Myo-0, especially at Mt. Takao near Tokyo.

. Izuna Gongen, Iizuna no Gongen 飯網の権現 .

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飯縄不動尊 Izuna Fudo Son



高尾山の飯縄大権現は不動明王の変化身であるとして「飯縄不動尊」
The Izuna Daigongen at Mount Takao used to be called this way.
- reference : www.takaosan.or.jp

. 飯縄大権現 Izuna Daigongen at Mount Takao 高尾山 . - Tokyo

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. 関東三十六不動霊場
Pilgrimage to 36 Fudo Temples in Kanto / Bando .




34 Hooshoo-In 宝勝院 Hosho-In - Isumi Fudo 夷隅不動
夷隅郡夷隅町苅谷307 - 307 Kariya, Isumi, Chiba

Sainosan 幸野山 Shoo-oo-Ji 聖王寺 Sho-O-Ji

聖王寺 Sho-O-Ji founded around 1570 by the Mino Tokishi clan 美濃土岐氏 to protect the castle 万木城 Mangi-Jo. It is strongly related to the belief of the Star Deity Myoken 妙見信仰.
宝勝院 Hosho-in founded around 1570 by 什俊



- Chant of the temple

幸野(みゆきの)の 原に坐します 不動尊
萬喜(まんぎ)の城の 病門の除





- source : wiki.ten-chi-jin.org

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赤青の天狗面 Mask of the red and blue tengu



Tengu is said to be a kind of shooting star (流れ星 nagareboshi) as a bad omen for the near future but also possess miraculous power to help against it.
This might be the connection between Tengu and Fudo in the Star cult of Japan.

Other temples where Izuna Fudo Son 飯縄不動尊 is venerated are
Izuna-Ji 飯縄寺、三光寺、安養寺、Izuna Jinja 飯縄神社

At the hall 江場土の日在山金毘羅堂 there is a large pine tree where a tengu is said to have taken a midday nap. So the belief in Tengu in this part of Chiba is quite strong, especially related to the Mino Tokishi clan 美濃土岐氏.

- reference : pub.ne.jp/kayusou


土岐氏(ときし)は、
鎌倉時代から江戸時代にかけて栄えた武家。本姓は源氏。清和天皇を祖とする清和源氏の一流である摂津源氏の流れを汲む美濃源氏の嫡流として美濃国を中心に栄えた。
。。。更に頼芸は上総万喜城(現在の千葉県いすみ市 Chiba Isumi town)のこちらも分流である土岐為頼を頼った(上総の土岐氏も小田原征伐に際し領地を失い滅亡した)。
© More in the WIKIPEDIA !

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Isumi Kariya Fudo Son 夷隅苅谷不動尊





- source : facebook Ishii Yasuyuki san


The main statue of a seated Fudo is secret and placed in the 不動堂 Fudo-Do Hall.
People come here to pray for anzan 安産祈願 easy childbirth and ningyo kuyo 人形供養 to bring old dolls to rest.


The relationship of Fudo Myo-O and Myoken is not quite clear.

. Myoken Bosatsu 妙見菩薩 .

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Maybe Fudo as the protector of the Heike clan (Narita san) got into a fight with Myoken of the Mino Tokishi clan 美濃土岐 ?

平家一族と、成田山と 不動明王様と、妙見菩薩様が喧嘩 ?
- source : ameblo.jp/spikidori


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Zennishi Dooji 善爾師童子 Zennishi Doji


source : m441618.seesaa.net/article

. The 36 Attendants of Fudo Myo-O 三十六童子 Sanjuroku Doji .



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Sarutahiko no Ookami 猿田彦大神 the Great Deity Sarutahiko



猿田彦は天狗の祖と言われている.
Sarutahiko is the ancestor of the Tengu.
In fact, Gyooman Daimyoojin 行満大明神 Gyoman Daimyojin is said to be the first ancestor of Shugendo and ancestor of Sarutahiko.
- reference : kemono666.seesaa.net


SARUTAHIKO, SARUTABIKO, SAURTAHIKO-NO-KAMI
猿田彦, 猿田彦神. Commonly translated as "monkey man."
The long-nosed Shintō deity of the crossroads who takes on the visage of a monkey; also considered by some to be the ancestor of the long-nosed Tengu mountain goblin.
- source and more : Mark Schumacher



source : www.tsubaki.or.jp
猿田彦大神

- quote
Sarutahiko
A kami who went out to the "eight crossroads of heaven" to meet and act as guide to the heavenly grandchild Ninigi at the time of his descent (tenson kōrin). Sarutahiko was described as having a fantastic appearance, with a nose seven spans long, a height of over seven feet, and with eyes that glowed red like a mirror. Since the female kami Ame no uzume volunteered to confront Sarutahiko, Ninigi granted to her the clan title Sarume no Kimi.

After acting as guide to Ninigi, Sarutahiko arrived at the upper reaches of the Isuzu River in Ise, where Kojiki records that his hand became trapped inside a large clam at Azaka, and he thus drowned. He is considered the ancestor of the Ujitoko clan in Ise, and the central object of worship (saijin) at the Sarutahiko Shrine located in Ise. During the Tokugawa period, he was also adopted as the "ancestor of the teaching" in the school of Suika Shinto.
- source : Kadoya Atsushi, Kokugakuin 2005


- quote -
Monkey Year 2016 (Sarutahiko Jinja)
The small shrine of Sarutahiko Jinja is not very well known and its set in the north-west in an unprepossessing part of Kyoto, sadly surrounded by some of the city’s uglier urban conglomeration. Nonetheless it possesses one of the most striking features in this year of the monkey, namely a statue of a white monkey carved in 1989 from a branch of the shrine’s sacred tree (shinboku).



. . . . . The shrine’s ema shows the three wise monkeys
– speak no evil, see no evil, hear no evil.
- source : greenshinto.com -


. Saru 申 / 猿 monkey talismans .

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. Sarutahiko Densetsu 猿田彦 伝説 Sarutahiko Legends .

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. Tengupedia - 天狗ペディア - Tengu ABC-List .

. Japanese Legends - 伝説 民話 昔話 – ABC-List .

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京都府 Kyoto

In the temple 小石川伝通院山内 Dentsu-In lived a person named 岱雄 Taio. One day he went out begging with the monks but did not come back. Two days later they found him fainted in the back of the dormitory. When he came back to himself, he told the following story. When he wanted to make an offering, his body suddenly became light and he took off to the sky. Then he went to 成田不動 Narita Fudo to pray, spent some time between the woods talking to some Tengu who wanted to do Sumo wrestling with him. They gave him food and kept him for seven days.
The Tengu had also told him if he wanted to come back to them, he should face East to Narita and think of Fudo Myo-O, then they would come and fetch him again and give his some presents from Narita.

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天狗 Tengu

Once upon a time, 一条頼重 Ichijo Yorishige made a wish and was told to go to 鞍馬の奥 the mountain temple of Kurama. He went there, sat in the 不動堂 Fudo-Do Hall and practised Zazen. Suddenly some Tengu appeared and tried to disturb him. Finally the Head Priest came to chase them away and oh wonder - they flew of as a group of black birds.


Kurama Fudo-Do Hall

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滋賀県 Shiga 甲賀郡 Koga district 信楽町 Shigaraku

One of the disciples of the temple 不動寺 Fudo-Ji did not show up for the rituals.
The others took bells and drums and went to look for him. They found him on the road to 石薬師伊勢道 Ishiyakushi, Ise, hanging on a tree, dead.
This must have been the act of a Tengu.

. Ishi Yakushi 石薬師 "Stone Yakushi" .
Ishiyakushiji 石薬師寺 Temple Ishiyakushi-Ji

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栃木県 Tochigi 日光市 Nikko

At the waterfall 裏見滝 Urami no Taki, one of the 下野国日光山四十八滝 48 waterfalls of Nikko, there is Fudo Myo-O to be seen, and people who are able to see him stay in deep veneration.
But people with impurities who come here will loose their live to the Tengu of Nikko.

. Nikko 日光 Many Tengu from Nikko, Gunma .
日光山東光坊 - Tengu Tokobo / 妙義山日光坊 Tengu Nikkobo
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- reference : Nichibun Yokai Database -

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. Pilgrimages to Fudo Temples 不動明王巡礼
Fudo Myo-O Junrei - Fudo Pilgrims - INTRODUCTION .



. Japan - Shrines and Temples - ABC .


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1 comment:

Gabi Greve said...

Ebisu Jinja 恵比寿神社 Ebisu Shrine
古平町 Furubira town, 北海道 Hokkaido / 古平郡古平町大字浜町989番地

Tengu no Hiwatari Matsuri 天狗の火渡り Tengu walking through the flames

Festival in September
猿田彦 Sarutahiko the Grand Tengu parades through the town and then walks through the high flames three times.
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MORE
https://japanshrinestemples.blogspot.jp/2017/09/ebisu-shrine-furubira-hokkaido.html
.