2014/04/20

yomi yellow springs

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yomi 黄泉 "the yellow springs"
die Gelben Quellen, unterirdisches Schattenreich, Jenseitswelt

meido めいど【冥土 / 冥途】 the Netherworld, nether world

The Japanese word "yomigaeru" よみがえる【蘇る / 甦る】has the meaning of "coming back from a visit to the Yellow Springs, yomi kara kaeru 黄泉(よみ)から帰る.


Diyu 地狱 (Jap. jigoku) (Sanskrit: नरक "Naraka")
is the realm of the dead or "hell" in Chinese mythology.
. Alternate names for the Chinese hell .


The deity Izanagi イザナギ visiting the land of YOMI and coming back
. Purification Ritual of Izanagi (misogi 禊 ) .


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- quote
The Chinese Underworld
In ancient Chinese religion the Underworld was called the Yellow Springs (Huángquán 黄泉)
possibly a reference to the ubiquitous Yellow River. The Yellow Springs were not a ‘hell’ where one suffers retribution but rather a place where the souls of the departed were supposed to reside, the destination of the whitesoul (pò 魄). Life could be made easier for the pò if it was provided with the necessary amenities: food, clothing, money, precious objects, and servants. These would be placed in the tomb by the surviving relatives. The servants (human and animal) were at first provided by immolating the actual servants of the deceased in the tomb, but with time (during the first half of the first millennium BC) this practice ended and inanimate representations of the attendants were placed in the tomb instead.

Anything more precise as to the exact ancient conception of the underworld is lost, as the surviving texts from Chinese Antiquity have been written by Confucianists who have generally ridiculed the ancient myths.

Under the Hàn, the God of the Eastern Mountain (Mount Tài: Tàishān 泰山), the abode of the xiān 仙, starts being held responsible for the register of the living and the dead; as a result, the idea that the dead reside under Mt Tài starts spreading. Concurrently with Mt Tài in Shāndōng (山東), a temple in Fēngdū 酆都 in Sìchuān (四川) also starts being considered as the entrance to the underground realm of the dead.

MORE
- source : celestialempire.blogspot.jp


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The Japanese word "yomigaeru" よみがえる【蘇る / 甦る】has the meaning of "coming back from a visit to the Yellow Springs, yomi kara kaeru 黄泉(よみ)から帰る.


© More in the WIKIPEDIA !

Fudaraku Tokai 補陀落渡海
Kumano was famous for sending boats to the Fudaraku Paradise of Kannon, and people were not supposed to come back from this "yomi" trip.
... portrays Kumano on the one hand as land of death (yomi), and on the other hand
... individual belief; it was either a trip to Kannon's paradise (fudaraku tokai )
Localizing Paradise –
Kumano Pilgrimage and the Religious Landscape of Premodern Japan
- source : japanese-religions.jp


. WKD : Kumano 熊野 .

. The Yellow Springs, Purification Rituals and Haiku

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- quote
Afterlife in Ancient and Medieval China
By Thich Thanh Nguyen

... underworld then came to have other names, such as the Dark City, the Yellow Springs, or the Netherworld.
This was where the dead resided which had nothing to do with the punishment yet.

So, how and what did the Netherworld look like? There was a common belief that the life in the Netherworld was similar to life on earth. This similarity was clearly depicted through the life of dead being and the netherworld’s government. Firstly, people believed that the dead beings were just the continuation of the living; for example, they needed food and possessed various desires: “Yellow Springs reflected the hierarchy nature of the moral world. If a person had a poor and miserable time when alive, they would have the same in the afterlife.”
Thus, people started to provide the dead with almost everything to enable the dead to live a happy and comfortable life in the netherworld:
MORE
- source : www.tuvienquangduc.com.au




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- quote
Sailing away
... From Heian to Edo times it’s estimated that some twenty monks in all sailed away in this manner. The base for their suicidal mission was Furdarakusan Temple, one of Kumano’s World Heritage sites. It stands near the coast and is said to have been founded, like Seiganto-ji, by a monk from India called Ragyō Shōnin.
source : www.greenshinto.com/wp


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- - - - - H A I K U - - - - -

梅咲くや酒屋へ一里黄泉へ二里
ume saku ya sakaya e ichiri yomi e niri

plums are blossoming -
one ri distance to the liquor shop
two ri distance to the Yellow Springs


Anai Futoshi 穴井太 (1926 - 1997)


one RI 里 is about 3.93 kilometers.
. The use of numbers in Haiku. .


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遠しとは常世か黄泉か冬霞
tooshi to wa tokoyo ka yomi ka fuyugasumi

far away - does that mean
heaven or the yellow springs ?
mist in winter


Nakamura Sonoko 中村苑子(1913-2001)
Born in Shizuoka

. WKD : fuyugasumi 冬霞 winter mist .


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愚案ずるに冥土もかくや秋の暮
guanzuru ni meido mo kaku ya aki no kure

it seems to me that
beyond the grave is like this--
autumn evening

Tr. Addiss


in my humble view
the netherworld must be like this –
autumn evening

Tr. David Landis Barnhill

Written in 延宝8年作, Basho age 37

. Basho, Matsuo Basho 松尾芭蕉(1644 - 1694)



. Enma, Emma 閻魔天、閻魔王 the King of Hell


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. Juusanbutsu 十三仏 13 Protector Buddhas .


. Japan - Shrines and Temples - ABC .


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